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Document Details :
Title: Mani, Hallaj, and the Bab
Subtitle: Three Martyrs from Three Different Periods of Persian History
Author(s): MASSOUDI, Mehrdad
Journal: Studies in Interreligious Dialogue
Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Date: 2007
This essay looks at three religious personalities from three different periods in Persian history who have influenced not only Iranian culture and religious thought but the world as well. They were all martyred under different but in many ways similar circumstances. The three individuals are: Mani (ca. 215-277 C. E.), Hallaj (ca. 858-922 C. E.), and the Bab (1819-1850 C. E.). For each individual, the article provides a brief historical account of the period, a short biography, a brief description of their teachings and, finally, of the events that led to their death. One of the objectives of this work is to show that martyrdom does not only occur in the Abrahamic religions, as the case of Mani shows. In the final section, an attempt is made to study the root causes of martyrdom.