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Document Details :
Title: To Be or Not to Be a Logical Behaviorist
Subtitle: Ayer and Carnap on Knowledge of Other Minds
Author(s): UEBEL, Thomas
Journal: Logique et Analyse
Volume: 253 Date: 2021
The term 'logical behaviorism' covers a multitude of sins and sinners and has not always been applied correctly. Here I consider certain aspects of the cases presented by A.J. Ayer’s Language Truth and Logic and his later rejection of it, and Carnap’s view on the demands that physicalism makes of the language of psychology. It is argued that while Ayer was a logical behaviorist (albeit in some ways nonstandard), Carnap was not (neither standard nor nonstandard) and that because of this difference, Carnap’s account of our knowledge of other minds was comparatively more successful than Ayer’s.