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Document Details :
Title: Maurice De Wulf en de 'Belgische filosofie'
Author(s): STEEL, Carlos
Journal: Tijdschrift voor Filosofie
Volume: 77 Issue: 3 Date: 2015
Starting from his editorial project 'Les philosophes belges', I present Louvain professor Maurice De Wulf’s (1867-1947) views on the history of medieval philosophy, specifically, his conviction that the diverse development of philosophical ideas in the 13th-14th century had an important role in the formation of the different ‘national temperaments’ of Europe. According to his view, Scholasticism, which emphasizes the role of reason and never subordinates the individual to a totality, is the perfect expression of the Latin civilization, which flourished above all in France. Different anti-scholastic tendencies in philosophy (adepts of pantheism, irrationalism and mysticism), inspired by Averroes and by Neoplatonism, found fertile soil in the German regions. After critically reviewing this nationalistic approach to medieval philosophy — to be explained by the traumatism of the First World War — I turn to Huizinga’s much more promising search for a philosophy corresponding to the Burgundian civilisation of the waning Middle Ages and end with a discussion of Loris Sturlese’s defence of a regional diversity of philosophy without any form of nationalism.