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Document Details :
Title: Finland-Swedisch Names of Fields, meadows and Pastures
Author(s): HARLING-KRANCK, Gunilla
Volume: 37 Date: 2002
The names of fields, meadows and pastures form one of the most comprehensive categories of the place nomenclature in the Swedish speaking parts of Finland, comprising the Aland Islands, Aboland (the south-western archipelago), Nyland and Osterbotten.
The majority of the names are primary field-names, i.e. names originally denoting fields, cultivated enclosures, meadows, pastures,1and under cultivation and woodland burnt in order to make new land arable. Secondary field-names are names that have originally denoted particular natural features, for example, hogs and swamps.
The most common field-names ending in some special generics are found in all areas but to varying degrees depending on the type of landscape. Each region often has a special set of field-names. The name elements have a restricted distribution and in fact form varying regional systems. The oldest field-names are of medieval origin.