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Document Details :
Title: The Logical Origin of the Transcendental Ideas
Subtitle: Kant's Derivation of the Concepts of Reason and its Logical Roots in the Early Modern Era
Author(s): MEER, Rudolf
Journal: Logique et Analyse
Volume: 249 Date: 2020
In this paper, I analyse Kant’s derivation of ideas in the Introduction and the First Book of the Transcendental Dialectic of the Critique of Pure Reason. Despite the increasing interest in the First Book of the Transcendental Dialectic, Kant’s crucial differentiation between the logical and the real or rather transcendental use of reason remains unconsidered or even misinterpreted. To expose the logical structure of Kant’s argumentation, I provide firstly a precise analysis and offer a reconstruction of his derivation in five steps. Based on this investigation, I will secondly show that the logical structure used by Kant has its roots in the early modern period, and became canonical in the Port-Royal Logic. This perspective in turn allows a critical discussion of the basic problems of the Transcendental Dialectics.