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Title: Simon le Zélote était-il un révolutionnaire?
Author(s): MÉZANGE, Christophe
Journal: Biblica
Volume: 81    Issue: 4   Date: 2000   
Pages: 489-506
DOI: 10.2143/BIB.81.4.3200454

Abstract :
Simon’s surname, Zealot, cannot be understood to carry the meaning of ‘revolutionary against Rome’. A characteristic of the ideology of the Zealot party is the transformation of the sentiment of multi-secular religious zeal of the biblical tradition into a political, anti-Roman doctrine. This transformation in meaning is owed to the influence of, among other things, the Fourth Philosophy, which exerted its influence only in the 50’s AD. Since the elements required for the foundation of the Zealot party did not come together before these years, Simon’s surname, Zealot, can be understood only in the religious sense.

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