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Document Details :

Title: La 'révolte' des Baba'î en 1240
Subtitle: Visait-elle vraiment le renversement du pouvoir seldjoukide?
Author(s): BELDICEANU-STEINHERR, Irène
Journal: Turcica
Volume: 30    Date: 1998   
Pages: 99-118
DOI: 10.2143/TURC.30.0.2004209

Abstract :
Irène BELDICEANU-STEINHERR, La révolte des Baba'î en 1240 visait-elle vraiment le renversement du pouvoir seldjoukide?
Grâce aux registres de recensement ottomans qui permettent de localiser de nombreux toponymes mis en relation avec la révolte des Baba'î en 1240, il a été possible de reconstituer le déroulement des événements. Le mouvement baba'î, parti de deux foyers, l'un situé près d'Amasya, l'autre à la frontière syrienne, impliquait des tribus de Turcomans qui avaient trouvé refuge en Anatolie et qui ne tardèrent pas à entrer en conflit avec leur nouvel entourage. Au nord, il s'agit d'une querelle de voisinage avec des Arméniens chalcédoniens, au sud d'une contestation des exigences du percepteur après la conquête de la région par Giyâs ed-Dîn II. On ne peut donc parler d'une révolte visant à renverser le pouvoir seldjoukide.




Irène BELDICEANU-STEINHERR, Did the Baba’î want to overthrow the Seldjukids in 1240?
Thanks to Ottoman tax registers we can locate a number of place names which are linked to the uprising of the Baba’î in 1240. This makes it possible to establish the events which took place in that year. The uprising started at two different places, near Amasya and at the Syrian border. In both cases Turcoman tribes were involved who were seeking for a new home in Anatolia, but who were soon at strife with their neighbours. In the north they were at open feud with Calcedonian Armenians, in the south they contested the taxes levied by the tax collector after the conquest of the territory by Giyâs ed-Dîn II. Thus we cannot put forward that the goal of the uprising was to supersede the Seljukid government.

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