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Title: Deep Roots and Vague Siblings
Subtitle: The Principles of Egyptian Root Formation
Author(s): KUPREYEV, Maxim N.
Journal: Bibliotheca Orientalis
Volume: 80    Issue: 1-2   Date: 2023   
Pages: 22-35
DOI: 10.2143/BIOR.80.1.3292537

Abstract :
Two Egyptian root lexicons appeared recently and differ considerably in their theoretical approaches and composition. This article emerged from the review of the printed edition of the Egyptian Root Lexicon published by Satzinger and Stefanović (2021). It tackles the theoretical and methodological challenges of creating a root lexicon, which have to consider the semantic, morphological, and phonological properties of the lexemes. Semantic aspects include polysemy and homonymy; morphological features deal with root affixation, reduplication and compounding; phonetic aspects embrace sound changes such as palatalization and lenition. In addition, the article evaluates the phonographic parameters, which refer to the correspondence between the hieroglyph and the phoneme as stipulated by Edel (1964), Rössler (1971), Kammerzell (1998), and Takács (1999). I structure the known parameters and suggest including them as a set of tags explaining the root–lexeme correspondence in Egyptian.

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