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Title: Relief Beads before the Mycenaean Palaces
Author(s): VELSINK, Jan G.
Journal: BABESCH
Volume: 97    Date: 2022   
Pages: 23-50
DOI: 10.2143/BAB.97.0.3290531

Abstract :
In the age of the Mycenaean palaces (LH IIIA-B, ca. 1420/10-1200/1190 BC) thousands of relief beads of gold sheet, glass and faience were made for personal adornment, both on the Greek mainland and on Crete. On the mainland this industry already started during LH IIB (1480/70-1420/10 BC). Earlier relief beads were recovered in fairly small numbers on the mainland and on Crete. This paper presents an overview of these and shows what they look like. It is made clear that their production already started on Crete in the Middle Minoan period (MM I-II, ca. 2100/2050-1750/1700 BC). It is also shown that these earlier beads can be interpreted as precursors of later examples (from LH IIB and LM IIIA onwards). The latter were nearly all produced with the help of moulds, but more than one quarter of the early Minoan specimens were cut from different, mostly precious stones.

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