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Title: The Phonetics and Phonology of Hittite Intervocalic Fortis and Lenis Stops
Author(s): KLOEKHORST, Alwin
Journal: Bibliotheca Orientalis
Volume: 78    Issue: 3-4   Date: 2021   
Pages: 327-352
DOI: 10.2143/BIOR.78.3.3289916

Abstract :
In the field of Hittite linguistics there is a longstanding debate on the phonetics of the Hittite fortis and lenis stops in intervocalic position, and on how to phonologically interpret the distinction between these two series. Although it is usually assumed that the two series were distinct in voice, /t/ vs. /d/, respectively, arguments in favor of a length distinction, /tː/ vs. /t/, have been put forward as well. This article will discuss two recent treatments of this topic: one by Simon, who specifically argues against a length distinction, and adduces new arguments in favor of the traditionally assumed voice distinction; and one by Patri, who rather posits a distinction /th/ vs. /d/. It will be argued that the arguments used by both Simon and Patri are untenable, and that all evidence rather points to a length contrast, /tː/ vs. /t/.

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