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Title: La fonction de l'arche dans les textes de Qumrân et les spéculations sur son destin dans des textes juifs et chrétiens
Author(s): RÖMER, Thomas
Journal: Semitica
Volume: 62    Date: 2020   
Pages: 329-339
DOI: 10.2143/SE.62.0.3288865

Abstract :
This article focuses on the reception of the Ark in Qumranian literature. Although the Ark 'disappeared' during the Second Temple period, some authors attribute new functions to it. The Ark thus appears in the Reworked Pentateuch with an article, unlike the Masoretic text, probably to show its uniqueness. In 4Q522, in an eschatological context, during the construction of a new temple, the importance of David and his son are underlined. The authors of the Temple Scroll also thought that the Ark is part of the ideal sanctuary. In the Apocryphon of Moses, where it is associated with the 'secret things', it may participate in a divinatory ritual. In the Damascus Document, the Ark contains the scroll rather than the tables of the Law and Zadoq is its gardian. All these reinterpretations of the Ark continue after Qumran, as in Christianity, where the Ark is sometimes associated with Mary, or in the Kebra Nagast, which develops the idea that the Ark was brought to Ethiopia.

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