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Title: The Phenomenological Deficit of Critical Theory
Subtitle: Recasting Afro-Brazilian Diasporic Identity in Postcolonial Perspectives
Author(s): DE OLIVEIRA, Nythamar , ZUBARAN, Maria Angelica
Journal: Etudes phénoménologiques - Phenomenological Studies
Volume: 5    Date: 2021   
Pages: 59-86
DOI: 10.2143/EPH.5.0.3288750

Abstract :
We attempt to show that the black press in Brazil’s post-abolition (in the last decade of the XIXth century and the first decades of the XXth century) succeeded in making visible the struggles for recognition of black intellectuals in their fight against racism and in their defense of inclusive education. In so doing they close the phenomenological gap between third- and first-person accounts of social liberation and political emancipation. By bringing together contributions from critical theory (especially Jürgen Habermas) and cultural studies (especially Stuart Hall), we recast Afro-Brazilian diasporic identity in the framework of a postcolonial phenomenology of liberation. We argue for social egalitarianism in race, gender, and cross-cultural studies so as to avoid the pitfalls of positivistic historiography and subjectivist interpretations of the lifeworld.

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