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Document Details :
Title: Legal Aspects of Scientific Misconduct
Subtitle: Causes and Possible Solutions
Author(s): STRGAR, Sanja S. , VUKADINOVIĆ, Maja S.
Journal: Ethical Perspectives
Volume: 25 Issue: 1 Date: 2018
The present contribution reports the results of an anonymous survey of 249 researchers, ranging from students to professors, regarding their perceptions of scientific misconduct. The participants were sourced from the University of Novi Sad (70%), and from the Universities of Vienna, Prague and Stuttgart. The results indicated that 78% of the participants have personal knowledge of scientific misconduct committed by another person, while 20.9% have been personally affected by scientific misconduct. The results also show that the most frequently observed types of misconduct in the domain of science are: plagiarism, falsification, manipulation and the fabrication of data. More than one half of all participants recognized a lack of supervision as a reason for the emergence of scientific misconduct. The factors contributing to scientific misconduct include time pressure, inadequate oversight and the absence of legal consequences. Accordingly, the majority favoured greater supervision, institutional oversight, including random checks, and new legal regulations to reduce the incidence of scientific misconduct.