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Document Details :

Title: The Influence of Sumerian City Laments on the Tammuz Lament
Author(s): YANG, Inchol
Journal: Biblica
Volume: 98    Issue: 4   Date: 2017   
Pages: 541-557
DOI: 10.2143/BIB.98.4.3265685

Abstract :
This study investigates why the Tammuz ritual in Ezekiel is similar to the Sumerian city laments for Dumuzi. In contrast to those who interpret women’s wailing for Tammuz as their supplication for fertility of the land, the Tammuz ritual reflects a longing for the return of YHWH after the fall of Jerusalem. The Sumerian gala priests recited their city laments for the imprisoned king Dumuzi. They wished Dumuzi’s return for the recovery of their city. The Israelite women introduced the Sumerian city laments in response to YHWH’s disappearance, hoping for the recovery of his city, Jerusalem.

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