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Document Details :
Title: Victorious and Defeated
Subtitle: Warfare, Rituals and Funerary Practices at the End of the 3rd Century BC in Pech Maho (Aude, France)
Author(s): GAILLEDRAT, Eric , ANWAR, Nasrine , BEYLIER, Alexandre , CURÉ, Anne-Marie , DUDAY, Henri , MUNOS, Sébastien , VACHERET, Ariane
Journal: Ancient West & East
Volume: 16 Date: 2017
The coastal emporion of Pech Maho (Aude, France) suffered a brutal destruction just before 200 BC. Recent excavations allow us to reconsider what was previously interpreted as a simple ‘war layer’. Two phases have to be distinguished: one related to an act of war, another related to a short reoccupation preceding the abandonment of the settlement. A set of ritual practices characterise the latter, with evidence of banquets preceded by animal sacrifice, and a collective funerary pyre. This ritualistic closure of the site is clearly linked to the very special conditions surrounding its destruction and the status of those who died there.