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Title: Is the Subject of τετέλεσται in John 19,30 'It' or 'All Things'?
Author(s): PARKER, Floyd O.
Journal: Biblica
Volume: 96    Issue: 2   Date: 2015   
Pages: 222-244
DOI: 10.2143/BIB.96.2.3183419

Abstract :
This article attempts to demonstrate that the unexpressed subject of τετέλεσται in John 19,30 is 'all things' (πάντα) rather than 'it', and that this subject should be supplied from the phrase πάντα τετέλεσται found earlier in the passage (John 19,28). The essay also argues that the two occurrences of 'all things' (John 18,4 and 19,28.30) encapsulate the passion narrative, and that this phrase is related to other Johannine themes in content and time frame (i.e. the 'hour', the 'cup', and the Passover).

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