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Document Details :
Title: Total serum bilirubin is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease in men compared to women
Author(s): A. Nguyen , H. Adams , J. Gin , N. Yap , A. Wilson-O’Brien , J. Garlick , A.M. Wilson
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 71 Issue: 6 Date: 2016
Objective: An elevated total serum bilirubin level has been demonstrated to be protective against cardiovascular disease with the majority of evidence limited to males. We assessed the hypothesis that total bilirubin is an independent risk factor for the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in men compared to women in high-risk patients.
Methods and results: Analysis was performed on 563 men and 249 women presenting for coronary angiography at our institution between October 2009 and March 2014. CAD was defined by 50% stenosis or more in the left anterior descending artery, left circumflex artery or right coronary artery. CAD was present in 78% of men and 55% of women. In males, patients with CAD had lower median total serum bilirubin levels compared to patients without CAD (12 vs 13 μmol/L, P = 0.002). There was no difference seen in the female population (10 vs 10 μmol/L, P = 0.344). On multivariate logistic regression, total serum bilirubin was an independent risk factor of CAD in the males (OR 0.96; 95% CI 0.93-0.99; P = 0.018) but not in females (OR 1.00; 95% CI 0.93-1.08; P = 0.908).
Conclusion: Total serum bilirubin is an independent risk factor for angiographically defined CAD in men and not in women. Serum bilirubin is readily available and inexpensive and may be a biomarker in addition to recognised cardiovascular risk factors.