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Document Details :

Title: Callatis and the Delphic Oracle
Subtitle: On the Local Pantheon of a West Pontic City (4th-2nd Centuries BC)
Author(s): ROBU, Adrian
Journal: Ancient West & East
Volume: 15    Date: 2016   
Pages: 183-193
DOI: 10.2143/AWE.15.0.3167471

Abstract :
Three oracular inscriptions (ISM III 48-49) attest several old Megarian cults at Callatis. Bringing evidence from the Megarid, I argue that Dionysos Bakchos and Apollo Apotropaios have to be added to this group of deities. Besides, the list of deities ISM III 48 A could be interpreted as an official codification of the Callatian pantheon by the Delphic oracle, shortly after the foundation of the city (around 390-370 BC). I also discuss in the article two friezes from Callatis recently published that may illustrate Hera sitting on an omphalos, and this symbol refers to the oracular powers of the goddess.

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