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Document Details :
Title: Self-limiting left ventricular wall rupture following myocardial infarction: a case report and literature review
Author(s): H. Vervaeke , N. Becaus , M. Penicka , M. Vanderheyden
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 69 Issue: 2 Date: 2014
We report the case of a 62-year-old woman presenting with symptoms and findings of myocardial infarction and a left ventricular free wall rupture. Coronary angiography revealed a critical stenosis in the middle right coronary artery. A contrast left ventriculogram revealed extravasation of contrast through the inferolateral wall of the left ventricle. Left ventricular free wall rupture is a rare complication of acute myocardial infarction, occurring in approximately 2% of cases. It is often fatal because of the development of haemopericardium and tamponade. Some patients, like the one described in this case, may present with small leaks that might close spontaneously by epicardial fibrin deposits, thus selflimiting, without requiring surgical intervention. This patient received only intense medical treatment. Indeed, blood clots at the endocardial and the epicardial site of the rupture have often been identified, suggesting protection for further rupture.