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Document Details :
Title: The Excavation of the House of the Tub in Hellenistic Halos
Subtitle: Preliminary Report on the 2007-2009 Field Seasons
Author(s): REINDERS, H. Reinder , BERGMANS, Marloes L.B. , MALAKASIOTI, Zoë , TSIOUKA, Fotini
Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Date: 2009-2010
Hellenistic Halos was founded around 302 BC and abandoned following an earthquake around 265 BC. A 4.7 km long enceinte, fortified with at least 120 towers, surrounded the lower and upper town of Halos. Gates of the courtyard type and some smaller gates gave access to the lower town. A geometric pattern of avenues running north-south and an east-west avenue and streets divided the lower town into 64 housing blocks. In general the blocks had a width of c. 31.5 m. Each block contained two rows of houses with a depth of c. 15 m; the width of the frontages varied between 12.50 and 17.40 m. Halos had an estimated 9,000 inhabitants. In the years 1978-1993, the focus had been on excavating houses in the city’s lower town. The investigation of dwellings in Halos was resumed in 2007 with the excavation of the House of the Tub. It is the largest property in Halos excavated so far; the plot measures 15.30 x 17.40 m. The limestone wall foundations were almost intact and a great number of artefacts came to light, such as storage vessels, fine black-glazed ware, kitchen ware, loomweights, coins, ironmongery and also faunal remains and seeds. The layout of the house and the finds offer a good starting-point for the study of a Hellenistic household.