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Document Details :

Title: Mémoires d'exilés
Subtitle: Lecture de la chronique des Saljūqides de 'Imād al-Dīn al-Iṣfahānī
Author(s): DURAND-GUÉDY, D.
Journal: Studia Iranica
Volume: 35    Issue: 2   Date: 2006   
Pages: 181-202
DOI: 10.2143/SI.35.2.2018346

Abstract :
Le Nuṣrat al-fatra, que 'Imād al-Dīn al-Iṣfahānī rédigea au service de Saladin, est l'un des textes les plus riches sur l'État saljūqide en Iran, mais son utilisation suppose que l'on ait bien conscience du projet historiographique de son auteur. Celui-ci apparaît mieux si l'on interroge sur sa relation avec sa principale source, les mémoires d'Anūširwān b. Ḫālid. Non seulement 'Imād al-Dīn a trouvé chez Anūširwān des informations complétaires à celles dont il disposait (des témoignages de secrétaires iraniens), mais surtout il partageait avec lui un même type d'écriture historique (partiale et moralisante), et, plus importante encore, une même vision de l'histoire saljūqide, motivée sur une expérience commune: celle de l'exil.




The Nuṣrat al-fatra, composed by 'Imād al-Dīn al-Iṣfahānī when he was in Saladin's service, is one of our major sources on the history of the Saljuqid State in Iran. However, in order to exploit this source fruitfully, one must be aware of the historiographical project of the author. This project becomes clearer if one examines the relationship of 'Imād al-Dīn with his main source: Anūširwān b. Ḫālid's Memoirs. Not only did 'Imād al-Dīn find in Anūširwān's text information which fitted his own purposes (i.e. providing accounts of Iranian secretaries/kātib), but he also shared with him the same style of historical writing (partisan, biased, and moralising). More importantly, both writers displayed the same negative vision of Saljuqid history preceeding from a common experience: exile.

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