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Document Details :
Title: Long-term survival and prognostic implications after coronary artery bypass grafting in Chinese patients with coronary artery disease
Author(s): HSIUNG, Ming C. , WEI, Jeng , CHANG, Chung-Yi , CHUANG, Yi-Cheng , LEE, Kuo-Chen , SUE, Sung-How , CHOU, Yi-Pen , HSIUNG, Richard , SHIH, Hui-Chuan , HUANG, Chien-Ming , YIN, Wei-Hsian , YOUNG, Mason S. , TUNG, Tao-Hsin
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 61 Issue: 5 Date: October 2006
Objectives — This hospital-based study was conducted to determine the survival rates of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery and the associated prognostic factors related to all-cause mortality during a 7-year follow-up in Taiwan.
Methods and results — Between January 1997 and December 2003, the medical records of 1877 patients who underwent primary, isolated CABG surgery were studied. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival. Multiple Cox regression was used to investigate the independence of prognostic factors associated with all-cause mortality.Of the 1877 patients who underwent CABG surgery, 192 expired during the 7-year study period. The overall patient survival rate was 85.96% (95% CI:83.74-88.16). Using multiple Cox regression analysis,in addition to female gender, older age at surgery, pulmonary oedema, longer ischaemic time, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, and poorer postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction were significant factors associated with all-cause mortality for both men and women. Associated prognostic factors varied by gender. For men, smoking (RR = 2.82,95% CI:1.06-4.16), respiratory failure (RR = 6.88,95% CI:3.29-14.40) and cardiogenic shock (RR = 4.04, 95% CI: 2.13-7.67) were significantly related to all-cause mortality,but not for women. Sepsis (RR = 8.97,95% CI:1.19-19.81) and ICU stay (RR = 1.03,95% CI:1.01-1.05) were significantly related to all-cause mortality among female patients only.
Conclusions — Several gender-related differences were noted pertaining to all-cause mortality and the relationships between smoking, sepsis, respiratory failure, cardiogenic shock, and ICU stay.