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Title: Chronology and Function at Yarım Höyük, Part II
Author(s): KOZBE, Gülriz , ROTHMANN, Mitchell S.
Journal: Anatolica
Volume: 31    Date: 2005   
Pages: 111-144
DOI: 10.2143/ANA.31.0.2011753

Abstract :
In 1996, a team from Ege üniversitesi in Izmir and Widener University near Philadelphia conducted one season of excavation at Yarım Höyük, a small site on the high bluff above the Euphrates River near Birecik. The importance of this site is that it was occupied at the critical juncture of the Uruk ir LC 5 period and the Early Bronze Age and was in theory small enough to excavate entirely. As described in part I of this series, theories of the Uruk expansion and its aftermath indicated large-scale abandonment after the withdrawal of Uruk colonial sites in North Syria. The abandonment of Uruk colony sites in North Syria was then assumed to represent a total collapse of polities and all trading systems in Northern Mesopotamia. That assumption has been questioned. In this, the second and final publication of the site, we explore the chronology of this transitional period. We also investigate how sets of artifactual finds represent the site's fuctions, and how those functions reveal the political and economic structures of the larger geographical areas or polities in the transitional fourth millennium B.C. Data from this site can be added to reports from Horum Höyük, Tilbes Höyük, Surtepe, Tilvez, Şavi Höyük and Zeytinli Bahçe, and other Upper Euphrates sites and settlement units. Horum and Tilbes Höyük are now flooded under the reservoir of the Birecik Dam, although potentially more material may emerge from the remaining excavations.

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