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Title: The Southern Urmia Basin in the Early Iron Age
Author(s): KROLL, Stephan
Journal: Iranica Antiqua
Volume: 40    Date: 2005   
Pages: 65-85
DOI: 10.2143/IA.40.0.583200

Abstract :
The culture of the Early Iron Age, as excavated in Hasanlu V-IV and Dinkha III-II, has been known for several decades, though more details on the excavations there still await publication. The hallmark of this period is Grey Ware, as defined by R. H. Dyson Jr. and T.C. Young Jr. Later at Kordlar Tepe A. Lippert was able to show that Eastern Anatolian Rillenkeramik (tentative translation: Groovy Pottery) partly overlaps with Young's Grey Ware horizon. Of special significance is Lippert's upper level in Kordlar, Kordlar I. There no Grey Ware was found but a new type of very late Early Iron Age pottery, a reddish-brownish ware decorated with little knobs (“Knob Pottery”) was present. Groovy Pottery was also found in this level. No Urartian pottery was found in this latest Kordlar level. There are, however, many more sites in the southern part of the Urmia Basin, that can be attributed to this period. They were not covered by the Hasanlu project, but found during the surveys that Stuart Swiney, Wolfram Kleiss and others did some thirty years ago.

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