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Document Details :
Title: Church and State in the Czech Republic
Author(s): TRETERA, Jirí Rajmund
Journal: European Journal for Church and State Research - Revue européenne des relations Églises-État
Volume: 7 Date: 2000
The ancestors of the Czech people accepted christianity under the influence of the Irish, Franconian (Bavarian) and Greek-Slavonic missions after the year 800. The territory of the Lands of the Czech Crown have belonged to the Western Church obedience from the beginning without interruptions. The Czech Kingdom (Kingdom of Bohemia) was bound in a free union with the Holy Roman Empire. Charles University as the first university in the middle Europe was founded in 1348 in Prague (the capital of Bohemia). There were two beliefs in the Kingdom from the Hussite reformation in the 15th century: the Catholic and the Utraquist (Hussite). The recatholization after the Thirty Years War was connected with the Habsburg dynasty. The unification of the Czech lands with the Austrian parts of Habsburg monarchy follows after this date as well. The sovereign of this union appropriated the iura maiestica circa sacra. The Catholic Church lost an essential part of its autonomy in this way.