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Document Details :
Title: Les noms des Perses
Author(s): PIRART, É.
Journal: Journal Asiatique
Volume: 283 Issue: 1 Date: 1995
According to Herodotus, the Persians also named themselves “the Arteans" (Ἀρταῖοι). By this name, they meant how pious they were: the etymon of this ethical designation, *̣rta+ḭá- (cf. vedic ̣rt̆āyú- “observing the ritual harmony"), equally explains the Avestan epithet ạšiia-, which so often qualifies Srausha. This god represents a deification of the sacrificer or worshiper who performs a ritual in which the cosmical harmony (*̣rtá-) is reflected.
The name Πέραι (Old Persian pārsa- < *pārśṷa-) which the Persians usally received, according to the ̣Rgvedasamhita, refers to the mother of the twenty primitive Persian tribes' ancestors. Her name ParŚu “rib" probably alludes to the miraculous way they were born: as Indra and the Buddha did, through the ribs (pārŚvá-).