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Title: The Early Jerusalem Lectionary Tradition in Christian Palestinian Aramaic (5th-7th Century)
Subtitle: Lections Containing Unattested Old and New Testament Pericopes in Unpublished Palimpsests (Sinai, Gr. NF MG 32; Georg. NF 19, 71)
Author(s): MÜLLER-KESSLER, Christa
Journal: Le Muséon
Volume: 136    Issue: 1-2   Date: 2023   
Pages: 201-263
DOI: 10.2143/MUS.136.1.3291861

Abstract :
The New Finds from 1975 in the Monastery of St Catherine, Sinai turned out to be a mine for the discovery of early Christian Palestinian Aramaic palimpsest manuscripts (5th-7th century AD). The finds unveiled unknown and unique texts as well as additions or missing text witnesses of the New and Old Testament as well as of hagiographic texts in this Western Aramaic dialect. Most interesting of all have always been these early palimpsest text witnesses for comparative Aramaic language study and Bible text criticism. The palimpsest manuscript codex Sinai, Gr. NF 32 MG and three other fragments from Georgian NF 19, 71 presented here are placed into context with all other surviving early sources of the Old Jerusalem lectionary in this Western Aramaic Dialect. This lectionary clearly predates the Armenian Jerusalem lectionary as the next earliest source after the missing Greek source by showing new Old and New Testament lections with unattested biblical pericopes under a martyrologion written in a Greek majuscule and under a Iadgari and a homily in Georgian script.

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