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Document Details :

Title: The Iron Age in the Mediterranean
Subtitle: A Chronological Mess or 'Trade before the Flag', Part II
Author(s): NIJBOER, Albert J.
Journal: Ancient West & East
Volume: 4    Issue: 2   Date: 2005   
Pages: 255-277
DOI: 10.2143/AWE.4.2.3291764

Abstract :
The paper discusses the commotion regarding the absolute chronology of the 10th to 8th centuries BC in the Mediterranean. The debate on absolute dates during the Iron Age has become confused by the various independent positions taken by scholars from diverse Mediterranean regions. This state of affairs is the main topic addressed. Aspects discussed are the conventional absolute chronology; Carthage and the adjusted absolute chronology for the Phoenician settlements in southern Spain; the dispute on the absolute chronology of the Iron Age in Italy; the low and high chronology debate on the Iron Age in Palestine; radiocarbon and dendrochronological research at Gordion; the revised absolute chronology of Central Europe and ‘Trade before the Flag’, Part II. In the last section some modification is suggested to the absolute chronology of the Greek Geometric fine wares, resulting in a longer trading phase in the Mediterranean before the establishment of Greek settlements in southern Italy during the late 8th century BC.

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