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Title: An Individual as a Dwelling Place of God's Spirit in Philo and Paul (Rom 8,9-11)
Author(s): KOWALSKI, M.
Journal: Biblica
Volume: 103    Issue: 3   Date: 2022   
Pages: 381-403
DOI: 10.2143/BIB.103.3.3291156

Abstract :
The article focuses on the Spirit’s dwelling in a person in Rom 8,9-11, comparing Paul with a contemporary Jewish author, Philo of Alexandria. Philo shares the ideas of Stoicism and Platonism on the spirit as a constitutive element of the soul and reason. He questions the Stoic immanentism and materialism and, on the basis of the negative Platonic vision of the body, claims that the Spirit cannot reside in a person forever, the exception to this rule being the great Moses (Gig. 19-55). In contrast to Philo, Paul argues that the Spirit may dwell permanently in a fragile human body and is accessible to all. It is a gift of the Risen One, not a reward for a righteous life, and it abides in a human body redeemed by the Son (Rom 8,3-4). The apostle construes the Spirit’s dwelling in a person in a manner similar to that of God’s residing in a temple (1 Cor 3,16; 6,19), first literally and then with the metaphorical connotations of ruling and belonging.

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