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Title: Drawing near to God, Drawing near to Others
Subtitle: On Fratelli Tutti, Friendship (walāya), and Muslim-Christian Co-Resistance
Author(s): OAKS TAKÁCS, Axel Marc
Journal: Studies in Interreligious Dialogue
Volume: 32    Issue: 1   Date: 2022   
Pages: 33-65
DOI: 10.2143/SID.32.1.3290943

Abstract :
This essay offers a comparative theological reading of Fratelli Tutti through an Islamic theology of Friendship/Sainthood, or walāya. This exercise in comparative theology prescinds from issues of Islamic-Christian doctrinal debates of the past and focuses on the shared contextual theology of our present: Muslims and Christians together are subjects to the unjust political and economic orders sharply critiqued by Pope Francis; together we must co-resist this structure of oppression and co-create structures of liberation. In short, the Islamic theological anthropology of walāya illuminates the theological praxis of 'fraternity and social friendship' discussed in Fratelli Tutti. Walāya possesses both political and spiritual aspects and therefore is an apt theology through which to comprehend Fratelli Tutti, which contains both theological and political ramifications for Catholic believers. If neoliberalism (and its intersecting system: neocolonial, racial capitalism) shapes human beings according to a certain theological anthropology (imago oeconomici), then it must be co-resisted through another theological anthropology: walāya.

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