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Title: Domestic Architecture and Household Structure at Late Bronze Age Tell Billa
Author(s): CREAMER, Petra M.
Journal: Ancient Near Eastern Studies
Volume: 58    Date: 2021   
Pages: 147-172
DOI: 10.2143/ANES.58.0.3290204

Abstract :
The southwestern citadel of Tell Billa in the Late Bronze Age provides a rare example of a fully excavated functioning neighbourhood showing multiple varying types of household formation, emphasising multi-scalar levels of household members, production, and ownership. This article presents excavation data from the 1932-1933 field season at Tell Billa focused in the southwestern corner of the mound. The domestic architecture revealed there as part of Strata II and IA shows a neighbourhood of extended households, with several likely serving as larger residences integrated into the settlement due to the administrative duties of their occupants. A combination of the architectural remains, small finds, textual evidence, and domestic burials reveals an emphasis on the extended family, including members of possibly different ethnic or social origins. These households and their members functioned as the fundamental entity of social, economic, and political organisation.

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