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Title: The 2012-2015 Ghent-Utrecht Surcey Project at Thorikos
Subtitle: Preliminary Observations on the Post-Classical Occupation
Author(s): VAN DEN EIJNDE, Floris , DOCTER, Roald F. , BRÜSEWITZ, Amber , NAZOU, Margarita , STAL, Cornelis , VAN DE PUT, Winfred , PERUGINI, Andrea , MORTIER, Sophie , ALEXANDRIDOU, Alexandra , DUCHÈNE, Sophie , DE SMET, Silke , HASENZAGL, Carina , KONSTANTINIDOU, Alexandra , DE WULF, Alain
Journal: Pharos
Volume: 24    Date: 2018-2020   
Pages: 137-172
DOI: 10.2143/PHA.24.0.3289834

Abstract :
Between 2012 and 2015, a team of Ghent and Utrecht Universities conducted an intensive survey of the southern slopes of the Velatouri Hill, covering the area of the lower settlement of Thorikos as well as parts of the acropolis. This project was completed in 2015, after which the inventorying and study of the 56,906 finds continued through 2016-2017. Awaiting the comprehensive publication of the entire Thorikos Survey Project, we present here some preliminary results regarding the post-Classical period, which has historically received only very limited attention. We will 1) outline the scientific aims of the Thorikos Survey Project and its methodology, and 2) focus on the Hellenistic, Roman, Late Antique, Byzantine and (Early) Modern occupation. This is a first attempt to arrive at an integrated account of all post-Classical activity on the slopes of the Velatouri until the present day. Our investigation shows that while activity decreased significantly after the Early Hellenistic period (early 3rd century BCE) owing to a general decline in mining activity, the site was periodically revisited in later times. Here we attempt to relate these fluctuations to changing settlement patterns elsewhere in Attica. Most notably, we posit that a relative increase in finds during in the Late Antique period may be connected to a limited resumption of the silver and/or lead industry in the 4th century CE.

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