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Document Details :
Title: La question du langage
Subtitle: Regards croisés entre phénoménologie, herméneutique et pensée indienne
Author(s): DASTUR, Françoise
Journal: Etudes phénoménologiques - Phenomenological Studies
Volume: 5 Date: 2021
The first part of the article is a reminder that, while there have been few works in French that have attempted to connect Indian thought with Western philosophy, German philosophy has been in relation with Indian thought since the 18th century with Schopenhauer. This explains the interest that Husserl showed for Buddhism despite his view that philosophy only arose in Greece. In the second part, I show how it is possible to draw connections between the conception of language as found in Heidegger and Gadamer, even Derrida, and the conception of language as found in the school of linguistic analysis (Vyakarana), with figures such as the grammarians Panini (4th century BC), Patanjali (2nd century BC), and especially Bhartrhari (probably 5th century AD), who presents the most elaborated form of the Indian understanding of language. It is on the basis of his work that I try to connect Indian thought and Western thought.