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Document Details :
Title: Miriam's Image in Patristic and Rabbinic Interpretation
Author(s): SIQUANS, Agnethe
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 96 Issue: 3 Date: 2020
The article presents patristic interpretations of the biblical figure of Miriam alongside rabbinic interpretations. Miriam is depicted in manifold images: based on Exod 15,20f. she is portrayed as a female prophet. Christian writers interpret her as a virgin, and thus also as type of the church and of Mary. Rabbinic texts focus on Miriam as a midwife and a mother, even of kings – on the basis of Exodus 1-2. Patristic and rabbinic texts judge Miriam’s criticism of Moses in Numbers 12 negatively. In both traditions, also Miriam’s stance toward Moses’ Cushite wife is discussed. Patristic and rabbinic interpretations often deal with the same topics, yet they are situated in different religious-cultural contexts, presuppose different hermeneutical concepts and look at the biblical text and its characters from different, sometimes even opposing, perspectives.