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Title: Citing Sarah in the New Testament and Rabbinic Literature
Subtitle: Does Original Context Matter?
Author(s): BAR-ASHER SIEGAL, Michal , DINKLER, Michal Beth
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 96    Issue: 3   Date: 2020   
Pages: 443-457
DOI: 10.2143/ETL.96.3.3288585

Abstract :
This article treats the reference to the Jewish matriarch Sarah in 1 Pet 3,5-6, long a crux interpretum in NT studies, as a test case in the larger methodological question of interpreting ancient writers’ uses of biblical verses. Whereas some biblical scholars assert that we cannot understand a quotation or allusion in a biblical text unless we also consider its original context, others insist that the original context of a received text is irrelevant because ancient Jewish biblical interpreters regularly took small textual details as launching points for wholly new interpretations. We want to challenge both sides of this methodological debate. Biblical scholars err when representing this issue in an 'all or nothing' fashion, as though one particular interpretive strategy (decontextualizing or evoking context) could ever typify one particular tradition (Jewish or Christian). We show that rabbinic interpreters and writers of New Testament texts employ various reading practices, drawing on or disregarding original contexts according to which strategy will be most rhetorically efficacious in a given moment. A comparative look at such questions not only allows for better and more nuanced understandings of each source individually, but can also help trace the trajectories of certain interpretive readings in the different communities of Late Antiquity.

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