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Document Details :

Title: Étude préliminaire sur la géographie administrative du Tukhāristān
Author(s): MIYAMOTO, Ryoichi
Journal: Studia Iranica
Volume: 48    Issue: 2   Date: 2019   
Pages: 163-186
DOI: 10.2143/SI.48.2.3288437

Abstract :
En analysant les documents bactriens, on constate qu’il y avait quatre divisions administratives au Tukhāristān: le shahro, l’ōdago, le lizo et l’andago. Bien que la relation entre le shahro et l’ōdago ne soit pas claire, il est certain que le lizo et l’andago étaient des divisions administratives inférieures au shahro et à l’ōdago et qu’ils se trouvaient dans le shahro ou dans l’ōdago. Il semble que le khar, le chef local, contrôlait le shahro et que le kharagan, un aristocrate local, dirigeait le lizo. De plus, l’examen de sources chinoises et de documents arabes montre que la dynastie Tang et le califat abbasside reconnaissaient les divisions administratives locales et en ont tenu compte lorsqu’ils ont établi leurs propres structures gouvernantes.



According to the analysis of the Bactrian documents, we notice that there were four administrative divisions in Tukhāristān: shahro, ōdago, lizo and andago. Although the relationship between shahro and ōdago is unclear, it is certain that lizo and andago were inferior administrative divisions to shahro and ōdago and that they were in shahro or in ōdago. Then, concerning the relationship between the local administrative divisions and the local dominant strata, one can suggest the possibility that khar, the local chief, controlled shahro and that kharagan, the local aristocracy, ran lizo. In addition, according to examinations of Chinese sources and Arabic documents, there is the possibility that the Tang Dynasty and the Abbasid Caliphate recognized local administrative divisions and took them into account when they established their own governing structures.

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