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Document Details :
Title: Deus filius temporis?
Subtitle: Divine Derivations and the Nature of Zoroastrian Dualism
Author(s): PAKZAD, Fazel
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 96 Issue: 2 Date: 2020
The article examines the problem of Zoroastrian dualism which is closely connected with the problem whether there ever existed a 'heretical' form of Zoroastrianism, Zurvanism, reducing the dualism of the Gathas to an ultimate monadic principle, Zurvan. Against the latter hypothesis, the article starts by pointing out the paramount role played by a spatio-temporal medium also in the most 'dualist' versions of the Zoroastrian myth, first of all the Great Bundahishn. In a second step, it examines the relationship between that medium and Zurvan, the deity of time or fate, and concludes that Zoroastrian mythology was flexible enough to either identify the two or make Zurvan an aspect of the former. The same flexibility applies accordingly to the relationship between Zurvan and Ohrmazd which can be represented as sub- and coordination, depending on what exactly is referred to by naming the respective deity.