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Title: Living Up to Expectations
Subtitle: Hadrian's Military Representation in Freestanding Sculpture
Author(s): HEIJNEN, Sam
Journal: BABESCH
Volume: 95    Date: 2020   
Pages: 195-212
DOI: 10.2143/BAB.95.0.3287609

Abstract :
Hadrian is the first emperor to be almost exclusively represented in military costume in surviving sculpture. In this paper, it is argued that this development can be linked to the changing military role of the emperor in this period: from conqueror to protector. This theory is substantiated by a series of statues that employ a traditional, military motif to anchor events relating to Hadrian’s new foreign policy. Such depictions promoted the virtus of Hadrian not by referring to victories abroad but by highlighting his ability to maintain peace. This reading may provide us with a different lens to look at the military-styled images of Hadrian.

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