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Document Details :
Title: Von Caligula zu Germanicus - aber auch von einer Statue zu einer Büste?
Subtitle: Zur Porträtbüste Berlin Antikensammlung Sk 1801 von Samos
Author(s): FREYER-SCHAUENBURG, Brigitte
Volume: 95 Date: 2020
The fragmentary male bust Berlin, Antikensammlung Sk 1801, was found in the area of the peristyle buildings on the Kastro Tigani-Pythagoreion (Samos). Originally, this bust was a portrait of Caligula which was later transformed into a Germanicus. The recarving can be documented on the basis of detailed photographs. This case study complements existing evidence that for Samos such a process of mutilation was not unique. Several criteria point out the possibility that the bust Berlin Sk 1801 has perhaps been recarved from a statue. Whereas this procedure was not unusual in the late 2nd and the 3rd centuries A.D. it is but little discussed for portraits of the 1st century A.D. Possible criteria proving such a mutilation are discussed on the basis of further examples from Samos, a bust in Cagliari, and the Marcellus from Pompeji in Naples. These examples show the need for further research into this phenomenon.