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Title: Once More the Nabonidus Chronicle (BM 35382) and Cyrus' Campaign in 547 BC
Author(s): ROLLINGER, Robert , KELLNER, Angelika
Journal: Ancient West & East
Volume: 18    Date: 2019   
Pages: 153-176
DOI: 10.2143/AWE.18.0.3287212

Abstract :
This paper sheds new light on the hotly debated question of which country Cyrus attacked in 547 BC, therefore dealing once more with the broken toponym of the Nabonidus Chronicle obv. ii 16. The reading of the sign(s) has been highly influenced by later classical sources, which place Croesus’ defeat against Cyrus somewhere around the corresponding year 547 BC. A collation has made it clear that no reliable reading can be inferred with absolute certainty. Instead of placing a cornerstone of Anatolian and early Persian-Teispid history exclusively on this ambiguous evidence, a new approach to this vexed topic is suggested. The contextualisation of the whole text passage leads to the conclusion that the region of Urartu depicts the most convincing hypothesis so far.

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