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Title: Macro-Conflation, Micro-Conflation, Harmonization and the Compositional Practices of the Synoptic Writers
Author(s): KLOPPENBORG, John S.
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 95    Issue: 4   Date: 2019   
Pages: 629-643
DOI: 10.2143/ETL.95.4.3286927

Abstract :
Although ancient composers sometimes used more than one source, typically alternatively adapting those sources, micro-conflation – the kind of phrase-by-phrase or word-by-word conflation that appears to be required by Mark on the Two Gospel Hypothesis – is both unattested and technically unfeasible as a compositional practice. James Barker has recently mounted a defence of micro-conflation as a practice. The instances he cites, however, fail to provide evidence of an author composing with visual access to two sources. Moreover, earlier work by Sharon Mattila and more recently by Alan Kirk has underscored how difficult it is to imagine any ancient author doing so.

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