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Title: Protection against Fear of Punishment from Hecate Ereschigal
Subtitle: Another Look at a Magical Recipe in Michigan (PGM LXX 4-19)
Author(s): FARAONE, Christopher A.
Journal: Bulletin of the American Society of Papyrologists
Volume: 56    Date: 2019   
Pages: 205-224
DOI: 10.2143/BASP.56.0.3286657

Abstract :
Reinterpretation of PGM LXX 4-19. Hecate Ereschigal is the unidentified attacker in this magical recipe and not (as it has been argued or assumed) a beneficial goddess. The ancestors of Hecate Ereschigal were most probably impeding demons like Empousa, who appears in a scene in Aristophanes’ Frogs.

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