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Title: La oposición ὄναρ - ὕπαρ en los θαύματα bizantinos
Author(s): NARRO, Ángel
Journal: Byzantion
Volume: 88    Date: 2018   
Pages: 345-363
DOI: 10.2143/BYZ.88.0.3285456

Abstract :
In many descriptions of dream visions of Saints in Byzantine hagiography an allusion appears to consider the scene a mere dream (ὄναρ) or rather a real vision (ὕπαρ). Even though this opposition was inherited from classical literature – it was created in Homeric poetry – its use was further developed in Byzantine Saints’ lives and collections of miracles as a rhetorical device to describe a nightly apparition of a Saint. Our article aims to analyse the three different formulae used to express the opposition between the two terms (ὕπαρ, οὐκ ὄναρ / οὐκ ὄναρ,  ἀλλ’ ὕπαρ / ὄναρ, μᾶλλον ὕπαρ) and also the different contexts in which these formulae are found.

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