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Title: Doppelte Unwissenheit
Subtitle: Vom Dünkel der Selbstweisheit
Author(s): KOBUSCH, Theo
Journal: Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales
Volume: 85    Issue: 1   Date: 2018   
Pages: 187-206
DOI: 10.2143/RTPM.85.1.3284829

Abstract :
A fresh analysis of Plato’s works shows that in his view the greatest evil is not mere ignorance but rather double ignorance (i.e., the false belief that one knows something which one actually does not know), especially concerning moral issues. Furthermore, it is argued that Socrates’ avowal of his own ignorance is not meant ironically. Plato’s Socratic educational project aims at freeing human souls from their δοξοσοφία. In their commentaries on both Plato and Aristotle, the Greek Neoplatonists elaborate on these topics. In the Latin Middle Ages, the theme of double ignorance turns up in discussions on the distinctions between (1) ignorantia negationis and ignorantia dispositionis and (2) error vincibilis and error invincibilis.

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