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Document Details :

Title: Jude Delivered
Author(s): SEAL, David
Journal: Biblica
Volume: 99    Issue: 1   Date: 2018   
Pages: 93-108
DOI: 10.2143/BIB.99.1.3284714

Abstract :
Given that the documents that later formed the canon of the New Testament were intended to be persuasive, it is a relatively safe assumption that the lector reading these texts would have added some vocal modulation and gestures at appropriate places during his recitation. While the analysis of New Testament texts through the lens of rhetorical criticism has a long history, the approach of this present study focuses on the last step of that analysis, the delivery. We will propose that Jude’s recitation by a lector likely was accompanied by pointing gestures when a demonstrative pronoun was present, voice inflections and gestures at emotionally charged places in the epistle, props of soiled clothing to emphasize Jude’s appeal for pity towards certain sinners, and, finally, impersonations when directly quoting sources.

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