|previous article in this issue||next article in this issue|
Document Details :
Title: Particularisme et universalisme chez Matthieu
Subtitle: Quelques hypothèses à l'épreuve du texte
Author(s): CUVILLIER, Élian
Volume: 78 Issue: 4 Date: 1997
There has been much discussion about the tension between particularism and universalism in the exegesis of the first gospel. It is particularly noticeable when Matthew 10,5b-6 is compared with 28,19b. An analysis of the narrative logic of Matthew's account shows that he wants his readers to make the transition from a remote and particularist understanding of mission to a real, universalist one. The episode of the Canaanite woman (Mat 15,21-28) plays a central part in this matter. This change of scene goes hand in hand with a particular understanding of mission: being a missionary means, like the master, living in insecurity and presenting oneself before people as a 'little one' who lives only by the reception which he gets from them. On the historical level, Matthew's account illustrates the destiny of a Jewish-Christian community that has been led to take upon itself its own heritage and, at the same time, something new: the gospel.