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Document Details :
Title: Appunti sul come e perché il Nuovo Testamento si rapporta all'Antico
Author(s): PENNA, Romano
Volume: 81 Issue: 1 Date: 2000
The syntagma 'Old Testament' (2 Cor 3,14), unlike the corresponding 'New Testament' (Jer 31,31; CD 6,19; 8,21; 19,33-34; 20,12), is of exclusively Christian coinage. Regarding the modes of usage of the first by the second we have recorded: a) the quantitatively differing presence within the single NT books; b) the various forms of the text employed; and c) the diverse exegetical techniques used. Regarding the causes of such recourse to the OT, two motives can be distinguished. There is a cultural motive, due to the simple fact that Jesus and all the first Christians belong to the Jewish people. And there is a theological motive, due to the fact that the belief in Jesus as Messiah is rooted in a praeparatio evangelica. The chief source of the expectation of a Messiah lay precisely within the Scriptures of Israel. Thereupon the fundamental hermeneutic criterion has been (and is) the Christological faith.