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Document Details :
Title: Salvation and the Church
Subtitle: Feeney, Fenton and the Making of Lumen Gentium
Author(s): ZUIJDWEGT, Geertjan
Journal: Louvain Studies
Volume: 37 Issue: 2-3 Date: 2013
This article traces the development of the Roman Catholic understanding of extra ecclesiam nulla salus between the Boston Heresy Case in the early 1940s and the Second Vatican Council. The Holy Office’s condemnation of the virtual limitation of salvation to Roman Catholics by Leonard Feeney and his followers is commonly construed as an important step in the development of an inclusivist understanding of ecclesial belonging. The present article, by contrast, argues that a common Bellarminian theological framework underlies the respective positions of Feeney, the Holy Office, and Joseph Clifford Fenton, the major American expounder of the Holy Office’s position. The real development of the Church’s official position was initiated and partly accomplished in the debates in the preparatory commissions for the Second Vatican Council, and resulted in Lumen Gentium’s non-Bellarminian understanding of ecclesial belonging.