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Document Details :
Title: Role of insulin receptors in myocardial ischaemia-reperfusion injury during cardiopulmonary bypass
Author(s): G.-Y. Liang , H.-S. Wu , J. Li , Q.-Y. Cai , Z.-Y. Gao
Journal: Acta Cardiologica
Volume: 66 Issue: 3 Date: 2011
Background: Ischaemia-reperfusion injury after cardiac bypass causes cardiac dysfunction and tissue damage. Insulin resistance during reperfusion contributes to the dysfunction, but the role of changes in myocardial insulin receptors during this period has not been determined yet.
Methods: Twelve mongrel dogs underwent cardiac bypass, 6 for 30 min and 6 for 120 min. Blood samples were taken from the coronary artery and coronary sinus and tissue samples from the apex of the left ventricle before bypass and 15, 45, and 75 min after termination of bypass surgery and initiation of reperfusion. Plasma glucose and insulin, the Insulin Resistance Index, myocardial glycogen, insulin receptor α and β subunits, and total insulin mRNA were measured in these samples.
Results Plasma glucose and insulin and the insulin resistance index all increased significantly during the reperfusion period. A signifi cant decrease in myocardial glycogen occurred at the same time. The α subunits of the insulin receptor were seen on the myocyte surface and the β subunits mostly in the cytoplasm. The expression of both subunits and total insulin mRNA decreased in a similar manner after termination of bypass surgery. All parameters gradually returned toward pre-bypass values as the post-bypass period progressed. And at all post-bypass time points, the 120-min bypass group showed a significantly greater effect from ischaemia than the 30-min bypass group.
Conclusion: A decrease in insulin receptor expression is a cause of post-bypass insulin resistance, and this decrease is initiated at the mRNA level. Increased insulin resistance leads to excessive reliance on myocardial glycogen as an energy source and a deficit in energy substrates that contribures to cardiac dysfunction.