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Document Details :
Title: 'Why Do You Not Judge for Yourselves What is Right?'
Subtitle: A Consideration of the Synoptic Relationship between Mt 5,25-26 and Lk 12,57-59
Author(s): ROLLENS, Sarah E.
Journal: Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses
Volume: 86 Issue: 4 Date: 2010
This article analyzes the parallel passage in Matthew and Luke (Mt 5,25-26 and Lk 12,57-59), which concerns reconciling with one’s accuser and settling out of court. It considers synoptic solutions that purport to account for the similarities between Matthew and Luke in this pericope: the Mark-without-Q-Hypothesis (MwQH), the Two-Gospel (Neo-Griesbach) Hypothesis (2GH), and the Two-Document Hypothesis (2DH). In order to address the various source hypotheses and literary dependence implied by each, the discussion attends not merely to the wording of the saying itself but also to the rhetorical function that it has in Matthew’s and Luke’s gospels. The main arguments are that the 2DH better explains the variations of the parallel material in Mt 5,25-26 and Lk 12,57-59 than do other solutions positing Luke’s direct use of Matthew and that the pericope on settling with one’s accuser seems more likely to have its original locus within Q than within Matthew.